Wheat
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Some wild birds accidentally spilled bird feeds on my backyard on feeding. Later, I discovered wheat was growing on my backyard. I was quite excited to see how wheat looks like although I eat bread daily. This spring, I sowed wheat on seeds sorted out from bird feed.

I observed the stalk (stem) of wheat is made up of layers of cylinders. Each layer will split at the end to become a leaf. On mature, hairs will show at the center of innermost tube, then, seed heads will spit out. The innermost tube will also become a leaf, which protects the kernels. The weight of kernels will make the head bends like a bow. The stalks of the wheat plants are long and slender. They can be easily broken by hail, blown over by strong winds, or pushed down by hard rain. If the stalk is damaged while it is still providing nutrients to the developing seeds, the wheat seeds may not develop correctly or the plant may not produce as many seeds as it should. If the stalk is damaged near the end of the growing process, the seeds may fall out of the head of the wheat plant (called shattering) and fall to the ground where they cannot be harvested.

By July, my wheat was already well grown. I noticed the seed heads were full of kernels. Each kernel has a piece of hair at the tip. Wild birds came to pick the kernels. Some kernels were hollow because the stalk had been damaged by birds during development. Some kernel looks rich and healthy. Some shattered on the earth. I picked some kernels and squeezed on them, there were paste like white substance came out. This juicy substance called endosperm is the main ingredient of flour on dried up. The endosperm is the largest part of the kernel and takes up 83% of the kernel’s mass. This is the area where the starch is stored. The endosperm contains carbohydrates, protein, iron, and B-complex vitamins.

I remember Matthew 12:1, said “At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the sabbath; his disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat.” So I tasted the kernel as the disciples did. The juicy kernel has a little fishy taste, like raw broccoli. The bran (crust) is a bite rough to eat. Bran is the outer coat of the kernel and, is a very good source of fibre. It comprises about 14.5% of the kernel’s mass. It contains protein, B-complex vitamins, and indigestible cellulose material also called dietary fibre. It is included in whole-wheat flour. Using total wheat to make bread is called whole wheat bread. Whole grains, in particular, help reduce the risk of many major diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, many chronic diseases such as diabetes and cancer, and provide energy for daily activities and long-term wellness. Fiber in bran can smooth digestion. White flour has the bran removed and bleached is not as nutrition as whole wheat. White flour bread is softer, but you have to eat more to fill your hunger. Whole wheat bread is more economy although its price is higher. Bran could be found on breakfast cereals. The wheat germ is the sprouting section of the wheat kernel. It makes up about 2.5% of the total kernel mass. The germ also contains a great deal of B-complex vitamins and trace minerals.

I counted the number of grains per strand is approximately 28. I thought each seed can yield twenty eight times is too little. On further examination, I discovered there were many strands coming out from the same root. I counted the number of strands was 28. On multiplying these two numbers, I got a number of 784. I was quite satisfied with this yield per seed.

But I still do not understand John 12:24, said: “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.” When I sow seeds, which were dried and frozen, my wife said it wouldn’t grow. She thought seed must have life to grow. I explained to her wheat can pass through the winter in the field. I also said Jesus has said the seed must die to grow. I looked up on the Internet to understand more about wheat. On the web site of wheatmania.com said: “As the wheat plants mature, they will produce a seed head – one head of wheat per stalk. Once the seeds in the head of wheat have been pollinated and have matured, the wheat plant itself will begin to die. The wheat seeds, also called kernels, will be harvested when they have dried and developed a hardened outer shell.”

So Jesus was correct. A wheat seed must dry up and die before it grows. I observed this is generally true to other type of seeds too. Dried seeds can put into storage for a long time. A living seed put on storage will fungus. On contacting with water, seeds will germinate and grow. Each seed can bear many times of fruit.

Jesus said these words when it was about the time to die for us. If Jesus died, He will be awaked and uses His life to redeem us from sin. Die is the solution to get life again. Our next life will be eternal life. That is why Christians do not afraid of death. Jesus continued said: “He who loves his life loses it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.” John 12:25. For those who are selfishly keep his life would eventually lost his life. Just like the hollowed seeds, which will never bear fruit. For those poor, sick, and people who hate to continue living in this world, Jesus said with compassion, that they should be looking forward to eternal life, for there won’t be sorrow in heaven. Our suffering in this earth is only temporary.

Jesus said:” Truly, I say to you, there is no man who has left house or wife or brothers or parents or children, for the sake of the kingdom of God, who will not receive manifold more in this time, and in the age to come eternal life.” Luke 18:29-30. We who are saved by Jesus blood should gospel the world with our best effort to bring as many people to be saved as well. Jesus assured we would be rewarded both on earth and in heaven. Those who selfishly keep the gospel will lose his life.

Jesus had said some parables on wheat.  Matthew 13:1-30 said:

That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea. And great crowds gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat there; and the whole crowd stood on the beach. And he told them many things in parables, saying: "A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured them. Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they had not much soil, and immediately they sprang up, since they had no depth of soil, but when the sun rose they were scorched; and since they had no root they withered away. Other seeds fell upon thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. Other seeds fell on good soil and brought forth grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. He who has ears, let him hear." Then the disciples came and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?" And he answered them, "To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. For to him who has will more be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away. This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says: 'You shall indeed hear but never understand, and you shall indeed see but never perceive. For this people's heart has grown dull, and their ears are heavy of hearing, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should perceive with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and turn for me to heal them.' But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. Truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous men longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it. "Hear then the parable of the sower. When any one hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what is sown in his heart; this is what was sown along the path. As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is he who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away. As for what was sown among thorns, this is he who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the delight in riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful. As for what was sown on good soil, this is he who hears the word and understands it; he indeed bears fruit, and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty." Another parable he put before them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field; but while men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also. And the servants of the householder came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then has it weeds?' He said to them, 'An enemy has done this.' The servants said to him, 'Then do you want us to go and gather them?' But he said, 'No; lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.

Let both grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.'"

Reference material: 

http://www.wheatmania.com/allaboutwheat/howwheatgrows/cropprogress99.htm

麥子

有些野鳥在我後院偶然將喂鳥的飼料散落在地.不久我就發現一些小麥長在我後院.雖然每天我都吃麵包,但當我看見小麥的真面目時仍然非常興奮.今年的春天我從喂烏的飼料中揀出一些小麥作為種子播在院子裡.

我發現麥子的莖是由一層層的圓管構成.每層的末端裂開成葉.到成熟的時候,最內一層圓管會出現針狀物.然後麥穗將會吐出.最內一層管亦會形成一片葉,用以保護麥粒.麥粒的重量使麥穗彎曲成弓狀.麥稈呈細長形,易為冰雹或強風所折斷,又或被大雨所淋而傾倒.如果麥稈仍在供應營養給發育中的麥子時折斷或受損,麥子的發育就會不正常,或者不會產生正常數量的麥子.如果麥稈損傷的地方近生長點,麥子可能會脫落而沒有收獲. 

七月,我的小麥已成熟,我留意到麥穗的麥粒經已飽滿.每一麥粒的頂都有一針狀物.野鳥會來啄食麥粒.有些麥粒是空心的,因為發育期麥稈曾被雀鳥或其它原因而受損.有些麥粒看似飽滿而健康,有些脫落.我採了一些麥粒用手掐,有白色糊狀物流出.這液汁物質叫做胚乳.乾了之後就是麵粉的主要成份.胚乳是麥粒的主要部份,約佔麥粒質量的83%.小麥之澱粉就是儲藏在那裡.胚乳含有碳水化合物,蛋白質,鐵和乙種維生素族.

我記得馬太12 : 1說:“那時,耶穌在安息日從麥地經過,他的門徒餓了,就掐起麥穗來吃。”所以我就好像門徒一樣嘗一下麥粒的味道.多汁的麥粒有些少腥味,好像生的西蘭花一樣.麥麩(麥糠)吃下去有些粗糙.麥麩是麥粒的外衣,是非常好的纖維來源.麥麩約佔麥粒質量之14.5%.它含有蛋白質,乙種維生素族和不易消化的纖維素物質亦稱為食物纖維.全小麥麵粉中含有它.用全小麥來製麵包叫做全小麥麵包.全穀物能幫助減低多種主要疾病的風險,例如心血管疾病,很多慢性疾病例如糖尿病和癌症.提供日常活動所需之能量和長期的健康.纖維能使消化暢順.白麵粉已將麥麩去除及漂白,其營養就不如全小麥.白麵粉麵包比較軟些,但你一定要吃多些才能填飽肚子.全小麥麵包雖然價格稍貴其實更為經濟.小麥之胚芽是麥粒發芽的部位.它只佔整個麥粒質量的2.5%左右.胚芽亦含有大量的乙種維生素族和微量礦物質.

我曾計算過每串麥串約有28粒麥粒.我想每一種子能生產28倍收成亦屬偏低.進一步的檢查我才發現多串的麥串原來是同出一根.我數算過由一根生出28串麥串.兩數相乘得出數目是784.我現在對每粒種子能生產784倍收成很感滿意.

但我仍然不明白約翰福音12 : 24所說:“我實實在在地告訴你們,一粒麥子不落在地裏死了,仍舊是一粒,若是死了,就結出許多子粒來;”.當我下種時,種子是乾的或冰凍的.我內子說它將不會生長.她想種子必定要有生命才能生長.我向她解釋小麥能在田野過冬.我說耶穌曾說種子必定要死了才能生長.我瀏覽互聯網以了解更多有關小麥的知識.在wheatmania.com的網頁上說:“當小麥成熟時,它會產生麥穗──每一麥稈生一麥穗.每當小麥的麥穗受了花粉和成熟,整株小麥就會開始枯死.小麥之麥穗又或是麥粒就被收割,乾了以後,形成硬的外殼.

所以耶穌說得對.一粒麥粒種子在它發芽生長之前必須先乾了死去.我觀察其它種子一般也是一樣.乾的種子可以儲存很久.活的種子儲存不久就會發霉.乾的種子接觸水份就會發芽生長.每粒種子就會結出很多倍的果子來.

耶穌說這話時是他快要為我們死之前不久.若耶穌死了,祂將會復活醒過來,用祂的生命把我們從罪惡中贖回來.死就是得回生命的解決辦法.我們下一次的生命乃是永生.這就是為何基督徒不懼怕死亡的原因.耶穌接著說:“愛惜自己生命的,就失喪生命,在這世上恨惡自己生命的,就要保守生命到永生.”誰若自私地要保留自己的生命到頭來卻會失去生命.就像空心的種子永不會結果子.那些貧窮,有病,厭世的人,耶穌卻憐憫他們,他們將得著永生.天國將無悲哀.我們在地上的苦難只是暫時的.

路加福音18:29 – 30耶穌說:“我實在告訴你們,人為神的國撇下房屋,或是妻子、弟兄、父母、兒女,沒有在今世不得百倍,在來世不得永生的.”我們被基督的血拯救的人應當盡最大的努力往普天下去傳福音使更多的人亦得蒙拯救.耶穌保證我們無論今生或來世都會得到報賞.那些自私自利不去傳福音的將會失去他的生命.

耶穌曾以麥子來講過比喻.馬太福音13:1 – 30說:“當那一天,耶穌從房子裏出來,坐在海邊,有許多人到他那裏聚集;他只得上船坐下,眾人都站在岸上.他用比喻對他們講許多道理,說:「有一個撒種的出去撒種,撒的時候,有落在路旁的,飛鳥來吃盡了;有落在土淺石頭地上的,土既不深,發苗最快,日頭出來一曬,因為沒有根,就枯乾了;有落在荊棘裏的,荊棘長起來,把它擠住了;又有落在好土裏的,就結實,有一百倍的,有六十倍的,有三十倍的.有耳可聽的,就應當聽!」門徒進前來,問耶穌說:「對眾人講話,為甚麼用比喻呢?」耶穌回答說:「因為天國的奧祕,只叫你們知道,不叫他們知道;凡有的,還要加給他,叫他有餘;凡沒有的,連他所有的,也要奪去.所以我用比喻對他們講,是因為他們看也看不見,聽也聽不見,也不明白;在他們身上,正應了以賽亞的預言,說:『你們聽是要聽見,卻不明白;看是要看見,卻不曉得;因為這百姓油蒙了心,耳朵發沉,眼睛閉著;恐怕眼睛看見,耳朵聽見,心裏明白,回轉過來,我就醫治他們.』但你們的眼睛是有福的,因為看見了;你們的耳朵也是有福的,因為聽見了.我實在告訴你們,從前有許多先知和義人,要看你們所看的,卻沒有看見;要聽你們所聽的,卻沒有聽見.所以,你們當聽這撒種的比喻:凡聽見天國道理不明白的,那惡者就來,把所撒在他心裏的奪了去,這就是撒在路旁的了.撒在石頭地上的,就是人聽了道,當下歡喜領受;只因心裏沒有根,不過是暫時的,及至為道遭了患難,或是受了逼迫,立刻就跌倒了.撒在荊棘裏的,就是人聽了道,後來有世上的思慮、錢財的迷惑把道擠住了,不能結實.撒在好地上的,就是人聽道明白了後來結實,有一百倍的,有六十倍的,有三十倍的.」耶穌又設個比喻對他們說:「天國好像人撒好種在田裏,及至人睡覺的時候,有仇敵來,將稗子撒在麥子裏就走了.到長苗吐穗的時候,稗子也顯出來;田主的僕人來告訴他說:『主啊,你不是撒好種在田裏嗎?從哪裏來的稗子呢?』主人說:『這是仇敵作的.』僕人說:『你要我們去薅出來嗎?』主人說:『不必,恐怕薅稗子,連麥子也拔出來;容這兩樣一齊長,等著收割.當收割的時候,我要對收割的人說,先將稗子薅出來,捆成捆,留著燒,惟有麥子要收在倉裏.』」 

參考資料:

http://www.wheatmania.com/allaboutwheat/howwheatgrows/cropprogress99.htm

麦子

有些野鸟在我后院偶然将喂鸟的饲料散落在地.不久我就发现一些小麦长在我后院.虽然每天我都吃面包,但当我看见小麦的真面目时仍然非常兴奋.今年的春天我从喂乌的饲料中拣出一些小麦作为种子播在院子里.

我发现麦子的茎是由一层层的圆管构成.每层的末端裂开成叶.到成熟的时候,最内一层圆管会出现针状物.然后麦穗将会吐出.最内一层管亦会形成一片叶,用以保护麦粒.麦粒的重量使麦穗弯曲成弓状.麦秆呈细长形,易为冰雹或强风所折断,又或被大雨所淋而倾倒.如果麦秆仍在供应营养给发育中的麦子时折断或受损,麦子的发育就会不正常,或者不会产生正常数量的麦子.如果麦秆损伤的地方近生长点,麦子可能会脱落而没有收获. 

七月,我的小麦已成熟,我留意到麦穗的麦粒经已饱满.每一麦粒的顶都有一针状物.野鸟会来啄食麦粒.有些麦粒是空心的,因为发育期麦秆曾被雀鸟或其它原因而受损.有些麦粒看似饱满而健康,有些脱落.我采了一些麦粒用手掐,有白色糊状物流出.这液汁物质叫做胚乳.干了之后就是面粉的主要成份.胚乳是麦粒的主要部份,约占麦粒质量的83%.小麦之淀粉就是储藏在那里.胚乳含有碳水化合物,蛋白质,铁和乙种维生素族.

我记得马太12 : 1说:“那时,耶稣在安息日从麦地经过,他的门徒饿了,就掐起麦穗来吃。”所以我就好像门徒一样尝一下麦粒的味道.多汁的麦粒有些少腥味,好像生的西兰花一样.麦麸(麦糠)吃下去有些粗糙.麦麸是麦粒的外衣,是非常好的纤维来源.麦麸约占麦粒质量之14.5%.它含有蛋白质,乙种维生素族和不易消化的纤维素物质亦称为食物纤维.全小麦面粉中含有它.用全小麦来制面包叫做全小麦面包.全谷物能帮助减低多种主要疾病的风险,例如心血管疾病,很多慢性疾病例如糖尿病和癌症.提供日常活动所需之能量和长期的健康.纤维能使消化畅顺.白面粉已将麦麸去除及漂白,其营养就不如全小麦.白面粉面包比较软些,但你一定要吃多些才能填饱肚子.全小麦面包虽然价格稍贵其实更为经济.小麦之胚芽是麦粒发芽的部位.它只占整个麦粒质量的2.5%左右.胚芽亦含有大量的乙种维生素族和微量矿物质.

我曾计算过每串麦串约有28粒麦粒.我想每一种子能生产28倍收成亦属偏低.进一步的检查我才发现多串的麦串原来是同出一根.我数算过由一根生出28串麦串.两数相乘得出数目是784.我现在对每粒种子能生产784倍收成很感满意.

但我仍然不明白约翰福音12 : 24所说:“我实实在在地告诉你们,一粒麦子不落在地里死了,仍旧是一粒,若是死了,就结出许多子粒来;”.当我下种时,种子是干的或冰冻的.我内子说它将不会生长.她想种子必定要有生命才能生长.我向她解释小麦能在田野过冬.我说耶稣曾说种子必定要死了才能生长.我浏览互联网以了解更多有关小麦的知识.在wheatmania.com的网页上说:“当小麦成熟时,它会产生麦穗--每一麦秆生一麦穗.每当小麦的麦穗受了花粉和成熟,整株小麦就会开始枯死.小麦之麦穗又或是麦粒就被收割,干了以后,形成硬的外壳.

所以耶稣说得对.一粒麦粒种子在它发芽生长之前必须先干了死去.我观察其它种子一般也是一样.干的种子可以储存很久.活的种子储存不久就会发霉.干的种子接触水份就会发芽生长.每粒种子就会结出很多倍的果子来.

耶稣说这话时是他快要为我们死之前不久.若耶稣死了, 将会复活醒过来,用 的生命把我们从罪恶中赎回来.死就是得回生命的解决办法.我们下一次的生命乃是永生.这就是为何基督徒不惧怕死亡的原因.耶稣接着说:“爱惜自己生命的,就失丧生命,在这世上恨恶自己生命的,就要保守生命到永生.”谁若自私地要保留自己的生命到头来却会失去生命.就像空心的种子永不会结果子.那些贫穷,有病,厌世的人,耶稣却怜悯他们,他们将得着永生.天国将无悲哀.我们在地上的苦难只是暂时的.

路加福音18:29 — 30耶稣说:“我实在告诉你们,人为神的国撇下房屋,或是妻子、弟兄、父母、儿女,没有在今世不得百倍,在来世不得永生的.”我们被基督的血拯救的人应当尽最大的努力往普天下去传福音使更多的人亦得蒙拯救.耶稣保证我们无论今生或来世都会得到报赏.那些自私自利不去传福音的将会失去他的生命.

耶稣曾以麦子来讲过比喻.马太福音13:1 — 30说:“当那一天,耶稣从房子里出来,坐在海边,有许多人到他那里聚集;他只得上船坐下,众人都站在岸上.他用比喻对他们讲许多道理,说:「有一个撒种的出去撒种,撒的时候,有落在路旁的,飞鸟来吃尽了;有落在土浅石头地上的,土既不深,发苗最快,日头出来一晒,因为没有根,就枯干了;有落在荆棘里的,荆棘长起来,把它挤住了;又有落在好土里的,就结实,有一百倍的,有六十倍的,有三十倍的.有耳可听的,就应当听!」门徒进前来,问耶稣说:「对众人讲话,为甚么用比喻呢?」耶稣回答说:「因为天国的奥秘,只叫你们知道,不叫他们知道;凡有的,还要加给他,叫他有馀;凡没有的,连他所有的,也要夺去.所以我用比喻对他们讲,是因为他们看也看不见,听也听不见,也不明白;在他们身上,正应了以赛亚的预言,说:『你们听是要听见,却不明白;看是要看见,却不晓得;因为这百姓油蒙了心,耳朵发沉,眼睛闭着;恐怕眼睛看见,耳朵听见,心里明白,回转过来,我就医治他们.』但你们的眼睛是有福的,因为看见了;你们的耳朵也是有福的,因为听见了.我实在告诉你们,从前有许多先知和义人,要看你们所看的,却没有看见;要听你们所听的,却没有听见.所以,你们当听这撒种的比喻:凡听见天国道理不明白的,那恶者就来,把所撒在他心里的夺了去,这就是撒在路旁的了.撒在石头地上的,就是人听了道,当下欢喜领受;只因心里没有根,不过是暂时的,及至为道遭了患难,或是受了逼迫,立刻就跌倒了.撒在荆棘里的,就是人听了道,后来有世上的思虑、钱财的迷惑把道挤住了,不能结实.撒在好地上的,就是人听道明白了后来结实,有一百倍的,有六十倍的,有三十倍的.」耶稣又设个比喻对他们说:「天国好像人撒好种在田里,及至人睡觉的时候,有仇敌来,将稗子撒在麦子里就走了.到长苗吐穗的时候,稗子也显出来;田主的仆人来告诉他说:『主啊,你不是撒好种在田里吗?从哪里来的稗子呢?』主人说:『这是仇敌作的.』仆人说:『你要我们去薅出来吗?』主人说:『不必,恐怕薅稗子,连麦子也拔出来;容这两样一齐长,等着收割.当收割的时候,我要对收割的人说,先将稗子薅出来,捆成捆,留着烧,惟有麦子要收在仓里.』」 

参考资料:

http://www.wheatmania.com/allaboutwheat/howwheatgrows/cropprogress99.htm
 

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